The Monument in the square called Republic Monument (Cumhuriyet Aniti in Turkish). It is erected to commemorate the foundation of the Turkish Rupublic in 1923. It was designed by Italian sculptor Pietro Canonica in 1928. The 11 m high monument portrays the founders of the Turkish Republic.The monument has two sides, the side facing northward depicts Ataturk at an earlier period with military uniform and the other one facing Istiklal Caddesi has Ataturk and his comrades dressed in modern, western-European clothing, symbolizing him in both his roles, as military commander-in-chief and as statesman. Cumhuriyet Aniti is an important site, where official ceremonies on national holidays are being held.
Republic Monument on Google Maps