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Bursa is the 4th largest and one of the most industrialized city in Turkey. Between 1326 and 1365, it was capital of the Ottoman State and called “Green Bursa” in reference to the parks and gardens located across its urban fabric. The ski resort Mount Uludag towers over it. Historical sites from Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman periods and its natural beauties worth visiting the city.
Visiting: Uludag (the Great Mountain), Bursa Ulu Cami, Green Tomb Mosque, Grand Bazaar, Koza Han (Cocoon Inn)
Tour includes: Transportation, Parkings, Accomodation at agreed star hotels, Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner and Museum entrances.
Tour not includes : Beverages, tips and personal expenditures.
Mount Uludag (Great Mountain) is 2543 meters high, making it the highest point in the Marmara region, and the Aras Waterfalls and glaciers at the peak are its most interesting geographical features. Uludag was previously known as Olympos Misios in ancient times, and is known in mythology as the place where the gods watched the Trojan war.
Uludag National Park, 36 km south of Bursa, is one of the Turkey’s favourite winter sports centres and as well as skiing, its richness of flora and fauna has made it into a National Park and summer activities like trekking and camping are also popular. Plans have been confirmed for a development project, which will offer a huge increase in accommodation and skiing facilities.
Ulu Cami was built in seljuk style by Ottoman Sultan Beyazid I between 1396 and 1399, by architect Ali Neccar. It is a large rectangular building, with twenty domes supported by twelve columns. The mosque has two minarets.
Inside mosque there is a fountain where worshipers can perform ritual ablutions before prayer; the dome over the şadırvan is capped by a skylight help illumination of the large building. Inside the mosque there are 192 monumental wall inscriptions written by the famous Ottoman calligraphers of that period. The mosque has one of the greatest examples of Islamic calligraphy in the world.
Green Mosque is a part of the larger complex located on the east side of Bursa. The mosque was commissioned by Mehmet I. between 1419–1421. The architect of mosque was vezir Hacı Ivaz Pasha. The complex consists of a mosque, turbe, madrasah, kitchen and bath.
The mosque is based on a reverse T-plan with a vestibule at the entrance leading to a central hall flanked by eyvans on the east and west and a larger eyvan with mihrab niche on the south. Following the earthquake of 1855 the building underwent an extensive renovation.
From old documents belong to the first quarter of XV. century it was called long bazaar and it was the oldest part of Bursa Grand bazaar. The bazaar is the centerpiece of a much larger Bursa bazaar district laced with narrow streets, many of them covered to protect shoppers from bad weather. Karagöz shadow puppets and other traditional items are sold here. Bursa’s pleasant Covered Market is much smaller than Istanbul Grand Bazaar.
Koza Han once was a famous center of the silk trade. It was constructed during reign of Beyazit II. in 1491 to provide income for Beyazit Mosque in Istanbul. The han is constructed as two floors around a square courtyard. At he east side of han, there is another courtyard used as stable and storehouse. North side entrance door have a monumantal appearance with adorned stone relief. At floor level 45, upper part 50 rooms exist. An octagonal mosque in center of courtyard supported by eigth columns at each corners of octagonal mosque and one column in the centers. And a sadırvan beneath it.